The Hijaz or Hejaz range of mountains is located in the Hejaz region, close to the western coast of Saudi Arabia. The western coastal escarpment is composed of two mountain ranges, the Hijaz and the Asir, with a gap between them near the middle of the peninsula's coastline. From an elevation of 2100 meters (6000 feet), the range declines towards the vicinity of the gap about 600 meters, The mountain wall drops abruptly on the western side toward the Red Sea, leaving little or no coastal plain. The eastern slopes are not as steep, allowing rare rainfall to help create oases around the springs and wells of the few wadis.

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