When the capital of Spain was transferred from Toledo to Madrid in 1561, the seat of the Church in Spain remained in Toledo; so the new capital – unusually for a Catholic country – had no cathedral. Plans were discussed as early as the 16th century to build a cathedral in Madrid dedicated to the Virgin of Almudena, but construction did not begin until 1879.
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La catedral de Santa María la Real de la Almudena es la sede episcopal de la Archidiócesis de Madrid (España). Se trata de un templo de 102 metros de longitud y 73 de altura, construido durante los siglos XIX y XX en una mezcla de diferentes estilos: Neoclásico en el exterior, Neogótico en el interior y Neorrománico en la cripta.

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