„We know that death is nothing terrible, for if it were it would have seemed so to Socrates; but the opinion that death is terrible, that is the terrible thing.“
"Epictetus was a late stoic philosopher who lived from about 50 to 130 after Christ. Born in Asia Minor, he was brought to Rome while still a young boy and was sold as a slave to Epaphroditus, a friend of the emperor Nero. There, it is told, he was beaten so severely that he remained crippled and lame for life. Later he was set free and studied philosophy with the stoic philosopher Musonius Rufus. Around 90 - 94 he was expelled from Rome and Italy together with all the other philosophers by the Emperor Domitian who was about to introduce some kind of oriental despotism and did not want any opposition around. Epictetus went to Nikopolis in Greece and there established a philosophical school of his own which attracted many students and provided for a growing reputation. Late in life he seems to have returned to Rome, but we are not sure about that."
CHRISTOPH KRAIKER, Paper presented at the 9th ESH Congress in Rome, Sept. 25 - 29, 2002