The Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher occurs in two disjunct regions in South America: in the humid Andes from southern Peru south to northwestern Argentina, and again in northeastern Argentina, eastern Paraguay, and eastern Brazil. Four subspecies usually are recognized, two in the Andes and two in eastern South America, but there are only minor plumage differences between these subspecies. All populations readily are recognized by the bright buffy sides to the head, with a contrasting olive spot on the auriculars and an olive crown. This species is insectivorous, traveling solitarily or in pairs in the understory of humid forest and foraging with short sallies. The nest is a bulky, untidy, hanging nest with a side entrance. Little is known of its reproductive biology, but it has been reported as a host species for the brood-parasitic Pavonine Cuckoo (Dromococcyx pavoninus). The Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher usually is fairly common, although at times it may be difficult to see when foraging in dense vegetation.