The Iberian wolf’s name derives from its once prominent presence on the Iberian Peninsula. The wolf was threatened with extinction in the 1970s before conservation measures were introduced, and only about 500 or fewer remained. They were hunted because they were considered pests. The population bounced back and remains at about 2,500, but its territory is not as widespread as it once was.
(Text from http://www.wisegeek.com)