The Old Manse was built in 1770 by Ralph Waldo Emerson's grandfather, Rev. William Emerson. In November 1834, Ralph Waldo Emerson moved in and wrote his first draft of Nature
, one of the many works written during the Concord Transcendentalist Movement. The house was also later lived in by famous American writer Nathaniel Hawthorne.
The house became a National Historic Landmark in 1966. Today, it is operated as a nonprofit museum. The house sits a few hundred yards away from the Old North Bridge, where the Battle of Concord took place beginning the Revolutionary War.