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An Indonesian endemic, the Javan Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus Bartelsi) occurs in humid tropical forests of Java.
The Javan Hawk-Eagle is the national bird of Indonesia, where it is commonly referred to as Garuda, from the bird-like creatures in Hindu and Buddhist myths. The scientific name commemorates Hans Bartels.

It is one of the rarest raptors. Due to ongoing habitat loss, small population size, limited range and hunting in some areas, it is evaluated as Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed on Appendix II of CITES.

In May 2011, there were only around 400 Javan Hawk-Eagles living in the wild.

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