It is shorter than another commonly cultivated species C. speciosa, growing to only about 1 m in height. The fruit is called Kusa-boke (草木瓜 Kusa-boke?) in Japanese. It is best known for its colorful spring flowers of red, white, pink or multi. It produces apple-shaped fruit that are a golden-yellow color containing red-brown seeds.
The fruit is edible but hard, and not as well known for its jelly and pie making as its cousin Cydonia. C. japonica is also popularly grown in bonsai.