Black-Spined Toads are a medium sized toad with warty skin and noticeable Parotoid glands behind the ridges above their eyes. They tend to be olive brown to dull red in colour, with paler underbellies and a series of boney ridges along their backs, which is what their common name refers to. The black warty bumps along their bodies contain a Bufotoxin that is designed to ward off predators.
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