Shaki is one of the most ancient towns in the Caucasus. It dates back to the Late Bronze Age and played a vital role in the development of Azerbaijani culture throughout the ages. Another peculiarity of Shaki is its location. It is situated on the Silk Road, and acts as a transit town between east and west as well as between north and south. Merchants passing through the town stayed at one of its "caravanserais". As of 18th century, five big Caravanserais were active in Shaki, however only two of them have survived. They are traditionally named as “Yukhary” and “Ashaghy” caravanserais, which means “Upper” and “Lower” Caravanserais.