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Sergey Suhanov

The spaso-Preobrazhenskiy Mirozhsky monaste, Pskov, Russia

The spaso-Preobrazhenskiy Mirozhsky monastery is located in a mouth of the river Mirozhi running into the river Great opposite to the Pokrovsk tower.



The glory of the Spaso-Preobrazhenskiy Mirozhsky monastery in Pskov is so great, as well as its antiquity. Based in the middle of XII century the Novgorod archbishop St. Nifontom, the monastery was the carrier of spiritual education, the keeper of traditions of church art and книжности. In the Middle Ages here there was a rich library, copyists of the spiritual literature worked, the Pskov annals were conducted, there was иконописная a workshop. Here the epic story "Song of Igor's Campaignª" has been copied and kept for descendants.
The spaso-Mirozhsky monastery since XVI century was one of the richest among other monasteries of Pskov. He owned the earths and peasants, did business bread, hay, flax, fish. The city territory of a monastery occupied all flood plain of the river Mirozhi where there were flour-grinding mills, coast Great with baths, smithies, economic court yard. In a monastery bells were cast.



The monastery has endured many wars and attacks. Being outside of fortifications of Pskov, it the first took up blows of enemies. In 1299 of an army of the Livonsky Award have attacked on Pskov посад, have burned Mirozhsky and Snetogorsky monasteries. Then the abbot of the Mirozhsky monastery - Saint Vasily Mirozhsky has been killed.



In monastery territory the most ancient architectural monument of Pskov – the Spaso-Preobrazhenskiy cathedral which fresco list is a rare monument of monumental painting of Russia is located. Within the precincts of a monastery of the master of fresco and an iconography kept and developed Russian national traditions of this art form.



In the end of XVIII century the monastery territory was reduced to a fencing existing nowadays.
In the XX-th century the monastery has been closed. The well-known cathedral of Spasa of Transformation has opened after century restoration of frescos in the end of century and is nowadays stored музейно.



The Mirozhsky monastery represents an architectural ensemble of huge istoriko-art value. In a panorama of the left river bank Great it takes a key place, marking cape at a confluence of it Mirozhi and forming a visual diagonal with the Troitsk cathedral.

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