Distribution : Morocco, Algeria and Gibraltar
Habitat : Treeless cliffs and alpine forests of oak and cedar
Food : Fruit, seeds, leaves, tubers and rhizomes and invertebrates; bark and pine needles are eaten in winter and acorns in autum and spring.
Reproduction and Development : The breeding season is usually in early winter. The spring months seem to represent a prominent peak in births after a gestation period of 5-7 months. Usually there is only one young born, occasionally twins. The almost hairless offspring weigh 450 g at birth, nurse for a year and are fully grown and mature at four. Their lifespan is approximately 30 years.
Adaptations : They associate in troops of about 24 individuals of both sexes and different ages. They are strong and brave in their own defense and have killed dogs in fair fights. The members of the genus macaca are agile both in trees and on the ground. They are mainly diurnal. Male barbary apes will pick up an infant and start to carry it on their back before approaching a more dominant male. This presumably decreases the likelihood of being attacked by the more dominant animal."