The Sumatran tiger, numbering fewer than 400 individuals in the wild, is found exclusively on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, the last stronghold for tigers in Indonesia. Accelerating deforestation and rampant poaching across the Sumatran tiger's range mean that unless authorities enforce the law, this subspecies will soon follow the fate of its extinct Javan and Balinese relatives.
Habitat destruction not only reduces tiger numbers, but also prey. As a result, tigers move into settled areas in search of food, where they are more likely to come into conflict with people.
Indeed, human-tiger conflict is a serious problem in Sumatra compared to other parts of the tiger's global range. People have been killed or wounded, and livestock fall prey to tigers. Retaliatory action by villagers can result in the killing of the tiger.