Batuhan Türk

(Eyüp Sultan) Eba Eyyûb El Ensari..(Türkiye-İstanbul)

The Eyüp Sultan Mosque (Turkish: Eyüp Sultan Camii) is situated in the district of Eyüp on the European side of Istanbul, near the Golden Horn, outside the Walls of Constantinople. Built in 1458, it was the first mosque constructed by the Ottoman Turks following their conquest of Constantinople in 1453.[citation needed]
The mosque rises next to the place where Abu Ayyub al-Ansari (Turkish: Eyüp Sultan), the standard-bearer of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, is said to have been buried during the Arab assault on Constantinople in 670. His tomb is greatly venerated by Muslims, attracting many pilgrims. Some of the personal belongings of Muhammad are preserved in the tomb.
*******************************************Hazrat Abu Ayyub al-Ansari (576? – 674[1]) - born Khalid ibn Zayd ibn Kulayb in Yathrib - hailed from the tribe of Banu Najjar and was a close companion (Arabic: الصحابه, sahaba) of Muhammad. He was named after the biblical Job. Abu Ayyub was one among the Ansar (Arabic: الأنصار, meaning aiders, helpers or patrons) of early Muslim history, or those who supported Muhammad after the hijra (migration) to Medina in 622. The patronym Abu Ayyub, means father (abu) of Ayyub.
When Muhammad arrived in Medina he was offered accommodations by all of its inhabitants, but he wished to stay with the Banu Najjar, whom he was distantly related to. Upon making inquiries as to the member of Banu Najjar closest to him, Muhammad was introduced to Abu Ayyub al-Ansari, with whom Muhammad then stayed for seven months.[2]
Following the Muslim conquest of Egypt Abu Ayyub moved to a house in Fustat adjacent to the mosque of Amr bin Al'aas which was completed in 642. Several other notable Companions were his neighbors, including Zubayr ibn al-Awwam, Ubaida, Abu Zar, Abdullah ibn Umar and Abdullah ibn Amr bin Al'aas.[3]
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Ebu Eyyûb Halid bin Zeyd veya Ebu Eyyûb El-ensarî (Arapça: أبو أيوب الأنصاري ö. 672), Türkçe'de zaman zaman Eyüp Sultan olarak anılan Sahabe'den biridir. İslam peygamberi Muhammed'i Mekke'den Medine'ye göç ettiği zaman evinde ilk misafir eden sahabidir. Bu sebeple kendisine bu olaydan sonra mihmandar-ı nebevî de dendiği olmuştur. Daha sonra 80'li yaşlarında İstanbul kuşatması sırasında şehit olmuştur. Vasiyeti üzerine İstanbul surlarının dibine gömüldüğüne dair bir rivayet vardır. Anlatıya göre daha sonra Akşemsettin manevi keşif yoluyla mezarını bulur. Şu anda onun adına bir türbe, kendi adı ile anılan Eyüp semtinde ve kendi adı verilen Eyüp Sultan Camii'sinde bulunmaktadır..

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