The f64 Group was organized in 1932 by Ansel Adams, Edward Weston, Willard Van Dyke, Imogen Cunningham, and others, to promote what they termed "straight" photography. The establishment of the group was in response to the alternative soft-focus, pictorial type of photography which was a competing paradigm. Emphasis was placed on the following:
smooth glossy printing paper
which taken together emphasize the unique qualities of the photographic process. The term f/64 pertains to the smallest aperture on the lens of a large-format camera -- the use of which provides the greatest depth-of-field.
f64 Group Manifesto
The name of this Group is derived from a diaphragm number of the photographic lens. It signifies to a large extent the qualities of clearness and definition of the photographic image which is an important element in the work of members of this Group.
The chief object of the Group is to present in frequent shows what it considers the best ...
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