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Ambarawa Railway Museum

Published October 19th, 2012

Ambarawa Railway Station -
The museum was established in the 1970s primarily to preserve a wide selection of the steam locomotives which were then coming to the end of their useful lives on the 3ft 6in (1067mm) gauge railways of the Indonesian State Railway (the then Perusahaan Negara Kereta-Api, PNKA).
These are parked in the open air next to the original station, originally a transhipment point between the 4ft 8½in gauge branch from Kedungjati to the north-east and the 3ft 6in gauge line onward towards Yogyakarta via Magelang to the south. It is still possible to see that the two sides of the station were built to accommodate different size trains.



Source:
http://www.internationalsteam.co.uk/ambarawa/museum.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambarawa_Railway_Museum

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Ambarawa was a military city during the Dutch Colonial Government. King Willem I ordered the construction of a new railway station to enable the government to transport its troops to Semarang. On May 21, 1873 the Ambarawa railway station was built on a 127,500 m² land. This was known back then as Willem I Station.

The Willem I Railway Station was originally a transhipment point between the 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) gauge branch from Kedungjati to the northeast and the 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge line onward towards Yogyakarta via Magelang to the south. It is still possible to see that the two sides of the station were built to accommodate different size trains.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambarawa_Railway_Museum

William I Frederick, born Willem Frederik Prins van Oranje-Nassau (24 August 1772 – 12 December 1843), was a Prince of Orange and the first King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg.

William proclaimed himself King of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands on 16 March 1815

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_I_of_the_Netherlands

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The Ambarawa railway museum was established much later on October 6, 1976 in the Ambarawa Station to preserve the steam locomotives, which were then coming to the end of their useful lives when the 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge railways of the Indonesian State Railway (the Perusahaan Negara Kereta Api, PNKA) was closed. These are parked in the open air next to the original station.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambarawa_Railway_Museum

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This is the Google+ Page
https://plus.google.com/109770376246445428603/about?gl=US&hl=en

Ambarawa lies some way above sea level and was an administrative centre for the Dutch colonialists. It is now a popular area for local tourists, particularly with the nearby hill station of Bandungan and the Hindu-Buddhist temples at Gedong Songo.
Currently it is still part of the State Railway who have supported it to the best of its ability since formation although funding has never been generous.
Now the provincial Government of Central Java is increasingly taking an interest from the point of view of its heritage significance and its potential as a tourist attraction. Non-Governmental bodies like the Semarang Heritage Society are also acting to assist and there is also an unofficial overseas group The Friends of Ambarawa Railway Museum'.

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The museum collected 21 steam locomotives. Currently four locomotives are operational. Other collections of the museum include old telephones, morse telegraph equipments, old bells and signals equipments, and some antique furniture.

B2502 Steam Locomotive, one of the four locomotives that are still active.

Some of the steam locomotives are the 2 B25 0-4-2T B2502/3 which is from the original fleet of 5 supplied to the line about 100 years ago (A third locomotive (B2501) is preserved in a park in the town nearby.)

The E10 0-10-0T E1060 which was originally delivered to West Sumatra in the 1960s for working the coal railway, but later was brought to Java, and a conventional locomotive 2-6-0T C1218 which was restored to working order in 2006.

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The most technically interesting collection is F1002, a locomotive made by Hanomag train yard, Germany. F1002 and all locomotives of this type is internationally famous as Javanic. Built in 1913, this is a twelve-coupled locomotive with massive power. This kind of locomotive was widely used in Preanger mountain lines and West Java and west coast of Sumatra until early 70’s.

http://ekstra.kompasiana.com/english/2009/12/19/ambarawa-railway-museum-long-path-of-history/

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Another locomotive presenting great story from the past is D5106. Made by Hartmann Chemnitz, Germany in 1920, this locomotive was similar to one serving in famous Hejaz Railway, the railway connecting Damascus and Medina built to relieve the suffering of the hajis on their forty day journey to Medina and Mecca.

The Dutch called CC50 “Berkoningin”, meaning the Queen of Mountain. It is the locomotive made by Schweizerische Lokomotiv und Maschinenfabrik Winterthur, Switzerland and Werkspoor, Netherlands. In its gilded age, CC50 was able to make good maneuver on the railroad on hilly terrain. Thus, this type was operated in the rough terain of Ambarawa and Sawahlunto, West Sumatra.

Besides, Ambarawa Railway Museum also preserves C54, the pride of Semarang Chirebon Stoomtram Maatscappij (SCS), C51, the pride of Nederlandsch Indische Spoorweg Maatscappij (NIS), and B2503, a locomotive built in 1902 by Esslingen, Germany

http://ekstra.kompasiana.com/english/2009/12/19/ambarawa-railway-museum-long-path-of-history/

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Besides, Ambarawa Railway Museum also preserves C54, the pride of Semarang Chirebon Stoomtram Maatscappij (SCS), C51, the pride of Nederlandsch Indische Spoorweg Maatscappij (NIS), and B2503, a locomotive built in 1902 by Esslingen, Germany

http://ekstra.kompasiana.com/english/2009/12/19/ambarawa-railway-museum-long-path-of-history/

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Among historical locomotives kept in Ambarawa Railway Station is C2821 from locomotive type C28. It is the one standing at the front yard of the museum. Being able to reach 110 kph, it was the fastest narrow gauge railway locomotive of the time.

That locomotive was the copy of one taking the first Indonesia’s President and Vice President, Mr. Soekarno and Mr. Hatta, from Jakarta to Yogyakarta in 3 Januari 1946 during the first Dutch millitary agression. Type C28 is a narrow gauge railway (1.067 mm) locomotive made by Henschel, Hartmann Chemnitz, and Esslingen, Germany between 1921-1922.

http://ekstra.kompasiana.com/english/2009/12/19/ambarawa-railway-museum-long-path-of-history/

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The 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge line towards Yogyakarta (runs roughly south-west from Ambarawa) was of particular interest because it contained sections of rack railway between Jambu and Secang, the only such operation in Java. This line beyond Bedono closed in the early 1970s after it was damaged in an earthquake, but had already lost most of its passenger traffic to buses on the parallel road. The line from Kedungjati (runs east initially from Ambarawa) survived into the middle 1970s but saw very little traffic near the end, not least because it was far quicker to travel more directly by road to Semarang. The presence of the rack line meant that there was probably never much through traffic from Semarang to Yogyakarta.

Currently, there is operating heritage railway between Ambarawa-Bedono, operated by steam locomotive. In addition, there is also tourist railway between Ambarawa-Tuntang.

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Left photo - The steel was produced by Krupp in 1902 - and it is still the same steel now. Krupp is a prominent 400-year-old German dynasty from Essen, have become famous for their steel production and for their manufacture of ammunition and armaments. The family business, known as Friedrich Krupp AG, was the largest company in Europe at the beginning of the 20th century. In 1999 it merged with Thyssen AG to form ThyssenKrupp AG, a large industrial conglomerate.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krupp
http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Krupp.aspx

Right photo

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"The Ambarawa Railway Museum has excellent potential to become a world class museum and a World Heritage site. Not only are there many static locomotive exhibits, there is also the train ride to Bedono and in the future to Tuntang and Losari. The section from Jambu to Bedono is one of the approximately nine surviving steam operated rack railways in the world. The station buildings are also part of the museum's railway heritage. To realize its potential however, the museum's maintenance backlog needs to be eliminated, and an exhibition hall built at Ambarawa to protect and display the static locomotives, coaches and wagons etc. Vintage equipment from elsewhere on PTKA needs to be collected and assigned to the museum including some of the steam locos stored elsewhere. Also to be able to present the continuing railway story, representative modern equipment needs to be represented at the museum as and when it is withdrawn from service.

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The museum staff has made heroic efforts to operate the museum on very limited budgets. Neither the Indonesian government nor PTKA have the resources to fund the developments needed for the museum to reach its potential. However the central Java provincial government in recognition of the museums tourist and heritage importance has provided funds to start the process of reopening the section to Tuntang. Despite this, the museum urgently needs to attract alternative sources of funds from
(i) commercial sources such as visitor revenues and other activities such as filming, and
(ii) from civil society and corporate sponsorship

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The collection in the Ambarawa Museum comprises:
· Mountain Rail for Tourism
· Old telephone
· Old Morse telegraph equipments
· Old tables, chairs and cupboards
· Old bells and signal equipments
· 21 locomotives

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See more detail here: http://www.internationalsteam.co.uk/ambarawa/museum.htm

The only serviceable steam locomotives from the main line railway in Indonesia are three rack tanks at Ambarawa which are available for charter trains. The line runs from Ambarawa to Jambu along the flat, through attractive countryside before making a spectacular climb to Bedono. Run-pasts are not available on the climb owing to insufficient water capacity but they are allowed on the flat section and during the descent. I run special trains here every year and although they are intended (of course) for my tour participants, casual visitors are welcome to join.

The 2 B25 0-4-2T (B2502/3) are from the original fleet of 5 supplied to the line about 100 years ago. A third locomotive (B2501) is preserved in a park in the town nearby.

http://www.internationalsteam.co.uk/ambarawa/action.htm

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Visitors can charter the 9 kilometers Ambarawa-Bedono rack-track tourism train with mostly 6% gradient. The return trip for the train with the capacity of 90 passengers costs approx. Rp 3,500,000.

Motor Lorry for the 5 kilometers Ambarawa-Jambu track is also available for a relatively cheaper fare.

More information can be obtained from:

Kantor Daerah Operasi IV PT Kereta Api Indonesia
(Indonesian Railway Company, Region IV Office)
Jalan Thamrin no. 3, Semarang.
Phone 024 - 354 5382

Museum Kereta Api Ambarawa (Ambarawa Railway Museum)
Jalan Setasiun no. 1, Ambarawa.
Phone 0298 - 91035

(If you do not speak Indonesian, write in English to the Semarang address. RD)

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Visitors can see the historic locomotives and coaches, the glorious transportation mode in the old days. The objectives of the establishment of the Railway Museum is to preserve and to utilize the historic asset and the environment to help to strengthen the development of arts, science, and technology to understand the culture. Knowing the history, we will understand the role of railway as a land transportation mode and its service to the people and the country from time to time.

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see: http://www.internationalsteam.co.uk/ambarawa/about.htm#contact

  • July 8th, 2012
  • Canon EOS 600D
  • 18mm / f/5 / 1/60 sec

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More links about Ambarawa Railway Museum:

http://www.indonesia-tourism.com/central-java/ambarawa-museum.html

http://indonesia.travel/id/photoessay/details/post/36/ambarawa-railway-museum

http://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g1747736-d3398398-Reviews-Ambarawa_Railway_Museum-Ambarawa_Central_Java_Java.html

http://indonesianheritagerailway.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=349:workshop-pengembangan-museum-kereta-api-ambarawa&catid=100:rolling-stock-conservation-program&Itemid=289&lang=en

http://ekstra.kompasiana.com/english/2009/12/19/ambarawa-railway-museum-long-path-of-history/

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scandynavia
rizwin satriya  almost 4 years ago
1
great story...
joemarselo
Joe P. Marselo  almost 4 years ago
0
thanx @rizwin satriya