Budapest is the capital and the largest city of Hungary.
The city covers an area of 525 square kilometres within the city limits. Budapest became a single city occupying both banks of the river Danube with a unification on 17 November 1873 of west-bank Buda and Óbuda with east-bank Pest.
The history of Budapest began with Aquincum, originally a Celtic settlement that became the Roman capital of Lower Pannonia.
Hungarians arrived in the territory in the 9th century. Their first settlement was pillaged by the Mongols in 1241-42.
The re-established town became one of the centres of Renaissance humanist culture in the 15th century.
Following the Battle of Mohács and nearly 150 years of Ottoman rule, development of the region entered a new age of prosperity in the 18th and 19th centuries, and Budapest became a global city after the 1873 unification.
It also became the second capital of Austria-Hungary, a great power that dissolved in 1918.
After the Treaty of Trianon in 1920, when Hungary ...
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