This event was launched in 1983, based on the popularity of the African Adventure rallies such as the Paris Dakar and the Pharaons Rally. The event's creators, a group of French and Spanish enthusiasts, chose the desert of Monegros because of the scenery and availability of service infrastructure in Zaragoza. The first Baja in Spain was called the Baja Montesblancos.
In 1992 the Spanish Baja was cancelled as it coincided with the Olympic games in Barcelona. After this, the Spanish Automobile Federation took over the organisation and entered it into the FIA Cross Country Rally World Cup.