Brihadeeswarar Temple at Thanjavur in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva and a brilliant example of the major heights achieved by Cholas in Tamil architecture.
Built in 1010 AD by Raja Raja Chola in Thanjavur, Brihadeeswarar Temple, also popularly known as the ‘Big Temple', turned 1000 years old in 2010.
The temple is said to be made up of about 130,000 tons of granite. The Kumbam (The top most portion) itself, a 60 ton granite stone carved in one piece, on top of the main gopuram is believed to have been taken to the top by creating a inclined slope to the height of 66m to the top of the gopuram. The prevailing belief is that a mud-slope, which starts at about three miles from the temple site, elephants might have been used to drag the stone up the slope.