Until surpassed by modern building techniques during the late 1990's, this was the largest wooden structure in the world. It houses the largest bronze Buddah, standing at a mighty 52ft, and was constructed by the citizens of Japan on order of the Emperor so as they become directly involved with Buddhism.
According to records, more than 2,600,000 people contributed to the construction of the Great Buddah and hall, and after surviving multiple fires and earthquakes, the construction was completed by 751.
The project nearly bankrupted Japan's economy, consuming most of the available bronze of the time.
All in all, a pretty impressive place and history.