The Red-tailed Amazon (Amazona brasiliensis), also known as the Red-tailed Parrot, is a species of parrot in the Psittacidae family.

It is endemic to coastal regions in the south-east Brazilian states of São Paulo and Paraná.
The bird has been threatened by habitat loss and capture for the wild bird trade, and is a symbol of the efforts to conserve one of the Earth's most biologically diverse ecosystems.
Consequently, it is considered vulnerable by BirdLife International and IUCN.
In 1991-92, the population had fallen below 2000 individuals. Following on-going conservation efforts, the most recent estimate suggests a population of around 6600, indicating that this species is recovering from earlier persecution

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