Identification of the population in ancient times inhabited the territory between the Carpathians and the Aegean and the islands, but occupied and areas of Asia Minor, Black Sea Coast and others.
Thracians were mentioned as allies of the Trojans in Homer's epic, and their name is in Cretan-Mycenaean written records.
In origin they belong to the Indo-European ethnic group. There are several hypotheses about the origins of the Thracians:
the first to have come from the northeast around 1500 BC mixed with the local population and were later formed separate groups.
another part of the Bulgarian archaeologists suggest that the Thracians came from the northeast around 3500 BC - ie at the end of the Copper Age.
Another hypothesis is that the Thracians and the local population as a result of internal migrations and consolidation of this local population formed Thracian ethno-cultural community.
In the I millennium BC Thracians were one of the many nations in Europe. The Balkan Peninsula Thracians were divided into many tribes, the chief of which were:
Mizzi - inhabited the lands of Timok up along the Yantra River (Danube Valley - Bulgaria)
Dacians - inhabited what is now southern Romania
Odrysaeans - inhabited lands along the lower reaches of the river Maritsa, Arda and Tundzha (dn.Balgariya, Turkey, Greece)
Asti - the area of Strandja (Bulgaria)
Bessie - Rhodopes (Bulgaria)
Media - the middle reaches of the Struma
Serdi - dn.Sofiyska in the region, Bulgaria
Danteleti - today's Kyustendil
Odomanti and Edonoi - lands along the lower reaches of the river Struma and others.
The Thracians were engaged mainly in agriculture and horticulture, pastoralism (mainly horses), pottery, weaving, mining of metals, gold and others. Different tribes had varying degrees of social, economic, political and cultural development. The process of decomposition of tribal relations was different Thracian tribes. Prerequisites for the division of society into classes and the emergence of the state union appeared before the Thracians who lived near the Greek colonies along the Aegean and the Black Sea coast. The first Thracian state was Odrysian kingdom arose at the end of the VI century BC In the IV century BC Thracian lands were conquered by Philip II of Macedonia. Thracians established revolted many times against domination and against the invasion at the beginning of III century BC Celts. At the beginning of the I century they were conquered by the Romans, who raised rebellion against the 21 and 26 The Thracians gradually assimilated by the Slavs, who settled in the Balkans in the VI century, and thus the foundation of the Bulgarian asparouh state in 681 years, they laid the foundations of the Bulgarian nation.