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Carnation Flower
Delicate, beautiful and long lasting, such is the state flower of Ohio and national flower of Spain – ‘Carnation’. Vivid colored carnations are found throughout the year, making them a versatile cosmetic flower for all occasions, irrespective of the blooming season. Being one of the oldest cultivated flowers associated with mythological stories, learning about carnation flower information is very interesting.
Carnations ar considered as flowers for people born in January and also, they ar used as first wedding anniversary flowers. The incomparable beauty and elegance of carnation flower ar understandable from the fact that it is relegated as a state and national flower of many regions. Following is a brief information regarding carnations that you will love to know about these all-season flowers.
Classification: Carnation flower, scientific name Dianthus caryophyllus, is taxonomically classified under family Caryophyllaceae of the order Caryophyllales. A herbaceous perennial plant, carnation can grow to a height of about 80 cm from the ground. Flowers ar sweetly scented and bloom singly or in groups of 3 – 5 together. The petals may be arranged in a single or imbrication manner.
Origin: Native to the easterly Mediterranean region, the original color of carnation is believed to be pink, after which unlike cultivars having varied colours are developed. Carnations have been planted for over 2,000 years by now. It is believed that pink carnation sprang up for the first time from the tears of Virgin Mary. And the Greeks and Romans used carnations in making garlands.
Colors: More than 300 varieties of carnations are found all over the world. With so many species, you can expect the color variation of carnation flowers. You can find carnation flower in sunglasses of white, yellow, green, pink, purple, light red, deep red and purple. Apart from single colored varieties, you can also find stripy carnations in unlike shades.
Types: Based on the mode of flower development in the steam, carnations ar of three types – large-flowered, dwarf floral and mini carnations. The first represents carnation variety that bears a single large flower in one stem; whereas the second type has many small flowers in a single stalk. Mini carnation, also known as spray type produces many buds in one stem.
Meaning: The traditional meaning of carnation flowers is admiration, love and fascination. Nevertheless, different colours of carnation are associated with varied meanings. For example; a white carnation expresses good luck, a pink carnation denotes a mother’s love or reminiscence, and a red carnation portrays passion. Striped carnation, on the other hand, are used to send refusal messages.
Symbolism: The scientific name of carnation holds a symbolic meaning of its own. The genus name of carnation, Dianthus is a Latin word for flower of the gods or flower of love. Pink carnation symbolizes undying mother’s love and is a traditional flower of mother’s day. You can simply wear a pink carnation to respect and honor your mother.
Arrangements: Carnation flowers arranged in various patterns are a perfect gift item for all occasions. To mention a few, you can gift carnation bouquets in birthdays, graduation parties, congratulation events and funerals. Such arrangements ar also used as corsage and boutonniere. And carnation flower balls make ideal wedding centerpieces. Usually, they ar ordered with baby’s breath as fillers.
This was all regarding carnation flower information. The popularity of carnations is also credited to their long shelf life after cutting. Demand of carnation flowers is so high that mass scale commercial plantation is done in greenhouses and open lands. You can enjoy the beauty of carnations by growing them in indoors and outdoor gardens.

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