Nālandā was an ancient center of higher learning in Bihar, India.The site of Nalanda is located in the Indian state of Bihar, about 88 kilometers south east of Patna, and was a religious center of learning from the fifth or sixth century CE to 1197 CE.Nalanda flourished between the reign of the Śakrāditya (whose identity is uncertain and who might have been either Kumara Gupta I or Kumara Gupta II) and 1197 CE, supported by patronage from the Hindu Gupta rulers as well as Buddhist emperors likeHarsha and later emperors from the Pala Empire.
The complex was built with red bricks and its ruins occupy an area of 14 hectares. At its peak, the university attracted scholars and students from as far away as Tibet,China, Greece, and Persia.Nalanda was ransacked and destroyed by an army underBakhtiyar Khilji in 1193. The great library of Nalanda University was so vast that it is reported to have burned for three months after the invaders set fire to it, ransacked and destroyed the monasteries, and drove the monks from the site. In 2006, Singapore,China, India, Japan, and other nations, announced a proposed plan to restore and revive the ancient site as Nalanda International University.