The Small Pratincole is a resident breeder in India, Western Pakistan and southeast Asia. It breeds from December to March on gravel or sand banks in rivers, laying 2-4 eggs in a ground scrape. Breeding areas include small areas in northern Karnataka (along the Hemavathi river) and northern Kerala near Kannur..
This species is only 16.5-18.5 cm in length, with a 15–16 cm wingspan. Because of its small size, the Little Pratincoles can be briefly confused in flight with swifts or swallows.