Leopards are large cats with a powerfully built body and comparatively short legs. Buff or tawny coat covered with black spots which are grouped in rosettes of three to five. Shoulder height about 75-80 cm. They are solitary animals and are terrestrial and partly arboreal. Leopards are usually nocturnal, but to some extent diurnal. They are found in all habitat types; where they prey on small and young antelopes, rodents, baboons, monkeys and birds. There are usually 1-3 cubs per litter. The species' success in the wild is in part due to its opportunistic hunting behaviour, its adaptability to habitats, its ability to run at speeds approaching 58 kilometres per hour (36 mph), its unequaled ability to climb trees even when carrying a heavy carcass, and its notorious ability for stealth.

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