The Rufous-winged Antshrike is a locally distributed resident in cerrado and riparian thickets from Eastern Brazil to Northeastern Bolivia and Paraguay. Male Rufous-winged Antshrikes have a black crown with gray on the sides of the head and upperparts, cinnamon-rufous wings, black tail and whitish underparts with black barring on the breast. Females differ from males in that they have rufous on the crown and tail and buffy underparts. The Rufous-winged Antshrike is usually encountered alone in the dense understory 0 to 2m off of the ground. These antshrikes forage by making short hops, pausing every 2 to 15 seconds to scan for prey before making a quick stab with its bill or a short jumping sally. Rufous-winged Antshrikes feed on a variety of arthropods including beetles, ants, grasshoppers and spiders.