The Long-tailed Tyrant is a distinctive flycatcher that occurs at the edge of montane evergreen forest and of lowland forest from Honduras south to western Colombia and western Ecuador, and from southeastern Ecuador south to Brazil, Paraguay and northeastern Argentina; there also is a population in northeastern South America. Long-tailed Tyrants are dull black with a white crown and rump, and sport a pair of elongated central tail feathers that extend up to 13 cm beyond the rest of the tail. Long-tailed Tyrants feed exclusively on flying insects, especially stingless bees. Insects are captured by making quick aerial sallies from a high exposed snag or branch. The Long-tailed Tyrant is resident throughout most of its range, although the populations in southern Brazil perhaps are migratory.