Numbers of the Javan Hawk Eagle continue to decline because of threats to its remaining forest habitat, mostly from conversion to agriculture, development, and uncontrolled fire, illegal poaching, and capture for the pet trade, despite legislation banning such behavior. It was declared Indonesia's "National Rare/Precious Animal" in 1993, but Nijman et al. (2009) argued that this has actually led to an increase in interest in the species by the pet trade and more exploitation in the absence of effective regulation. There has been much research attention focused on this species, partly because it is the national bird. An action plan has been compiled, and a number of workshops on the species have been initiated. The Javan Hawk-eagle is categorized as Endangered by BirdLife International.

This one was eating meat, visible from the crumbs in its beak.

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