Dzanga Sangha is a National Park situated in the Central African and listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
This reserve is the place inhabited by unique animals - forest elephants.
Forest elephants differ from their relatives savannah elephants in several ways- taste preferences, behaviour and a smaller size.
Forest elephant is 2 meters in height and has very thick hair. They inhabit the tropical forests of equatorial west and central Africa but the largest population of these species live on the territory Dzanga Sangha. The role of the elephant in the reserve is unique as it regularly disperses seeds over unprecedented distances and also damaging the branches of the trees providing light to the plants and bushes of the "second layer". Also these hard-working inhabitants of the rainforest compensate the lack micronutrients in the soil. It happens this way. The soil of the Park is rich in minerals that elephant need for replenishing the lack of elements in plant food and for maintaining a healthy balance in the body. The ingredients contained in groundwaters of Dzanga Sangha possess healing properties from stomach disorders and help to get rid of parasites and toxic substances. The round eared elephants dig rather deep pits in the soil, to get the mineral substances from the beds of rivers and streams. These places collect up to 400 individuals where they have to communicate, share the information and get the first experience in their social life therefore that often leads to conflicts between the species. Forest elephants unlike their relatives live in small groups of 3 - 5 individuals. They are very amazing animals - forest elephants, but their population was strongly reduced in recent months.
Unfortunately, the person in the pursuit of material goods, loses a sense of respect and gratitude to the nature. This happened with the Dzanga Sangha reserve. On the 23 March this year there was a coup in the Central African Republic, as a result of it a group of Sudanese mercenaries gained control over large areas of the country, including the territory of the reserve Dzanga Sangha.
World famous scientists working in this area were forced to leave their jobs, and go down the river to the neighboring countries.
Among them there was an outstanding scientist Louis Sarno , who has lived in the area for more than 20 years and has given the mankind the priceless works about the life of the unique pygmy Baaka. The wave of violence swept through the territory of the Republic.
In addition to human casualties, there is information about 26 dead forest elephants. Read more: http://500px.com/olgamichi/stories/1491534/dzanga-sangha