Elephas Maximus Sumatranus, usually people know as Sumatran elephant is a subspecies of the Asian elephant which only first developed on the island of Sumatra. Berpostur Sumatran elephant is smaller than India elephant subspecies. The population was declining and becoming a highly endangered species. About 2000% u2013 2700 Sumatra elephants are left in the wild, based on a survey in 2000. As much as 65% of the population of elephants were killed as a result of human Encounters vanish and 30% chances of poisoned men. About 83% of the habitat of Sumatran elephants have become the plantation due to aggressive encroachment for the estate.
The Sumatran elephant is Indonesia's largest mammal, weighing up to 6 tons and grow as tall as 3.5 m at the shoulder. Gestation period for a baby elephant is 22 months with average age till 70 years. Herbivorous giant is very intelligent and has a larger brain compared to other land mammal. The ear is big enough to help elephants hear well and helps to reduce body heat such as hot blood when cold.